Did Adam and Eve have sexual relations while in the Garden of Eden, or after?
In Genesis 1 we read:
Later in Genesis 2, the Lord elaborated on this moment from Genesis 1:
Finally, the Lord provided details of how they began a family in Genesis 4:
Based on these passages, we can say for sure that Adam and Eve had relations and conceived following the Garden, but we can’t be as clear on what happened prior to the Fall.
There is an implication in Genesis 2 that Adam and Eve had relations in the Garden prior to the Fall. Specifically, Genesis 2:24 says that in a marriage (like the formed with Adam and Woman) a man and woman shall be “joined,” which is a reference to sexual relations. This detail suggests – but doesn’t prove – that Adam and Woman engaged in such relations while in the Garden immediately after Woman was introduced to Adam.
On the other hand, this reference may refer only to Woman’s origin, and therefore we can only say definitively that the couple engaged in sexual relations after the Fall.