If Jesus' first coming was at His birth, was His second coming the time when He appeared to His disciples?
The appearance of Jesus to His disciples was not Jesus’ “second coming” because at that point Jesus had yet to depart the earth. The Bible testifies that at His death, Jesus’ spirit descended into the depths of the earth, into a place called Sheol. Paul says in Ephesians:
And Peter says:
After His resurrection, Jesus walked the earth for 40 days making appearances to His disciples to prove His claims. He had not yet left the earth at that time, so these appearances were still part of Jesus’ “First Coming.” As Paul explains:
These series of post-resurrection appearances are part of Jesus’ first time on earth and are not the “second coming” of Jesus. We know this because the Bible says that at Jesus’ departure, angels declared that Jesus will return at His Second Coming with power and glory:
Only after Jesus was taken up into Heaven was the first coming of Jesus complete. Now the world awaits His second coming, which will be a moment unlike anyother: