In Isaiah 26:19 it says that the dead of Israel will live and corpses will rise and shout for joy as the earth gives birth to departed spirits. Does this mean alll Jews from the past who have died?
In Isaiah 26, we read:
In this chapter of Isaiah, the prophet is preparing Israel for their experience in Tribulation. The trials of that time will feel like enduring the labor of pregnancy but the labor continues on without satisfaction (v.18). Eventually, the dead will live, referring to the resurrection of the Old Testament saints at the end of Tribulation, which Daniel describes in Daniel 12:
Notice Daniel says that those who will be resurrected (i.e., given new, eternal physical bodies) are the Old Testament saints, those who have died in faith. The souls of the Old Testament saints are currently present with Jesus in Heaven without physical bodies, and at the end of the Tribulation they will receive new physical bodies, which the Bible describes as the dead "rising." To rise from the dead (or to be resurrected) means to receive a new body.
Only those Jews who have placed faith in the promised Messiah will be included in this moment, Daniel says; those written in the book of life. Those Jews who die without faith in Messiah will not receive eternal life. Instead, they will be resurrected at a later time and enter into the Lake of Fire. Faith has always been the requirement for salvation, as Paul says in Romans: